The 195 Occurrences of adoni in 163 Verses

Who Did Isaiah See? Isaiah 6.1-3; John 12.41
June 1, 2018
Christ, the creator
June 1, 2018

The 195 Occurrences of adoni in 163 Verses

Psalm 110:1 is the most quoted Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) verse in the New Testament! It is quoted or alluded to 23 times in the NT.  I knew many years ago that the second word ‘Lord’ in this verse, i.e. “The LORD said to my Lord” was not the Hebrew word Adonai, i.e. God’s title as Supreme Lord. However I did not know at the time the significance of this!

So back in the day when I read the amazing assertion that the Hebrew word translated in this verse as “Lord” was actually the Hebrew word adoni; and that this Hebrew word is never ever used in reference to Almighty God; that is, it is never ever used in reference to Deity, but solely used to refer to lords/masters who are not God, i.e. humans and angels, I was truly flabbergasted! I knew that this had amazing implications for defining who the Lord Jesus actually is! Jesus, the Apostles and the early church used this verse to define what they meant when they called Jesus of Nazareth “Lord”!

Since the Messiah is called adoni (my lord) and it is obvious that the Messiah was not and is not an angelic being (Heb. 1:5, 13; 2:5), it left only one possibility: Jesus is a bonafide human being. He was and is truly a man. And this man was called adoni because this man indeed was prophesied to be David’s lord as well as David’s son/descendant. This man therefore was foreordained to be the Messiah, David’s lord and our lord, by the One God, Yahweh God Almighty, who alone is Adonai.

Therefore, no Jewish reader of the OT/NT era in light of their Scriptures and their language would have ever imagined for one second that the Messiah was to be Deity, i.e. God Almighty. (Besides the obvious fact that to the Jews there is solely one Being/Person who is God Almighty, Yahweh; and therefore whoever Yahweh was speaking of could not be another Deity, another God! That would make two, and that’s an impossibility!) The word used to describe the lordship of the Messiah is the Hebrew word used for beings who are not Deity, who are not Almighty God!

As I said the implications were enormous. Anthony Buzzard in his writings asserted that the word adoni occurred 195 times in the Hebrew Bible, and in each occurrence it is used solely to refer to lords who were not God, i.e. humans and occasionally angels. Therefore, I had to investigate this claim to see whether those things were so (Acts 17:11). And to my amazement I discovered that this assertion is true!

My Christian walk has never been the same since. It caused me to have another look and revisit who Jesus is, and what the early church meant when they called Jesus of Nazareth, Lord!

Below is the list of the 195 occurrences of the word adoni in 163 verses, for your viewing. I have listed the NASB translation of each verse, and put in bold the actual English words translated from adoni.

  1. Genesis 18:12 “Sarah laughed to herself, saying, ‘After I have become old, shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?’”
  2. Genesis 23:6 “Hear us, my lord, you are a mighty prince among us”
  3. Genesis 23:11 “No, my lord, hear me…”
  4. Genesis 23:15 “My lord, listen to me…”
  5. / 6. Genesis 24:12 “He said, ‘O LORD, the God of my master Abraham, please grant me success today, and show lovingkindness to my master Abraham.”
  6. Genesis 24:14 “and by this I will know that You have shown lovingkindness to my master.”
  7. Genesis 24:18 She said, “Drink, my lord…”
  8. / 10. / 11. Genesis 24:27 He said, “Blessed be the LORD, the God of my master Abraham, who has not forsaken His lovingkindness and His truth toward my master; as for me, the LORD has guided me in the way to the house of my master’s brothers.”
  9. Genesis 24:35 “The LORD has greatly blessed my master…”
  10. / 14. Genesis 24:36 “Now Sarah my master’s wife bore a son to my master in her old age, and he has given him all that he has.”
  11. Genesis 24:37 “My master made me swear, saying…”
  12. Genesis 24:39 “I said to my master…”
  13. Genesis 24:42 “O LORD, the God of my master Abraham…”
  14. Genesis 24:44 “…whom the LORD has appointed for my master’s son.”
  15. / 20. Genesis 24:48 “…and blessed the LORD, the God of my master Abraham, who had guided me in the right way to take the daughter of my master’s kinsman for his son.”
  16. Genesis 24:49 “So now if you are going to deal kindly and truly with my master…”
  17. Genesis 24:54 “Send me away to my master.”
  18. Genesis 24:56 “Send me away that I may go to my master.”
  19. Genesis 24:65 “And the servant said, ‘He is my master.’”
  20. Genesis 31:35 “She said to her father, ‘Let not my lord be angry…’”
  21. Genesis 32:4 “Thus you shall say to my lord Esau…”
  22. Genesis 32:5 “…and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find favor in your sight.”
  23. Genesis 32:18 “…it is a present sent to my lord Esau.”
  24. Genesis 33:8 “To find favor in the sight of my lord.”
  25. Genesis 33:13 “But he said to him, ‘My lord knows that the children…’”
  26. / 32. Genesis 33:14 “Please let my lord pass on before his servant, and I will proceed at my leisure, according to the pace of the cattle that are before me and according to the pace of the children, until I come to my lord at Seir.”
  27. Genesis 33:15 “Let me find favor in the sight of my lord.”
  28. Genesis 39:8 “But he refused and said to his master’s wife, ‘Behold, with me here, my master…’”
  29. Genesis 42:10 “Then they said to him, ‘No, my lord…’”
  30. Genesis 43:20 “…and said, ‘Oh, my lord…’”
  31. Genesis 44:5 “Is not this the one from which my lord drinks…”
  32. Genesis 44:7 “They said to him, ‘Why does my lord speak such words as these?…’”
  33. Genesis 44:9 “…and we also will be my lord’s slaves.”
  34. / 41. Genesis 44:16 “So Judah said, ‘What can we say to my lord? What can we speak? And how can we justify ourselves? God has found out the iniquity of your servants; behold, we are my lord’s slaves…”
  35. / 43. Genesis 44:18 “Then Judah approached him, and said, ‘Oh my lord, may your servant please speak a word in my lord’s ears…for you are equal to Pharaoh.’”
  36. Genesis 44:19 “My lord asked his servants…”
  37. Genesis 44:20 “We said to my lord…”
  38. Genesis 44:22 “But we said to my lord…”
  39. Genesis 44:24 “…we told him the words of my lord.”
  40. Genesis 44:33 “…let your servant remain instead of the lad a slave to my lord”
  41. / 50. / 51. Genesis 47:18 “When that year was ended, they came to him the next year and said to him, ‘We will not hide from my lord that our money is all spent, and the cattle are my lord’s. There is nothing left for my lord except our bodies and our lands.’”
  42. Genesis 47:25 “Let us find favor in the sight of my lord”
  43. Exodus 21:5 “I love my master, my wife and my children; I will not go out as a free man.”
  44. Exodus 32:22 “Aaron said, ‘Do not let the anger of my lord burn…’”
  45. Numbers 11:28 “Moses, my lord, restrain them.”
  46. Numbers 12:11 “Then Aaron said to Moses, ‘Oh, my lord…’”
  47. Numbers 32:25 “…spoke to Moses, saying, ‘Your servants will do just as my lord commands.’”
  48. Numbers 32:27 “…in the presence of the LORD to battle, just as my lord says.”
  49. / 60. Numbers 36:2 “and they said, ‘The LORD commanded my lord to give the land by lot to the sons of Israel as an inheritance, and my lord was commanded by the LORD…’”
  50. Joshua 5:14 “What has my lord to say to his servant?”
  51. Judges 4:18 “Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said to him, ‘Turn aside, my master…’”
  52. Judges 6:13 “Then Gideon said to him, ‘O my lord, if the LORD is with us…’”
  53. Ruth 2:13 “Then she said, ‘I have found favor in your sight, my lord…’”
  54. 1 Samuel 1:15 “But Hannah replied, ‘No, my lord…’”
  55. / 67. 1 Samuel 1:26 “She said, ‘Oh, my lord! As your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood here beside you, praying to the LORD.’”
  56. 1 Samuel 22:12 “And he answered, ‘Here I am, my lord.’”
  57. 1 Samuel 24:6 “Far be it from me because of the LORD that I should do this thing to my lord, the LORD’S anointed…”
  58. 1 Samuel 24:8 “…called after Saul, saying, ‘My lord the king!’”
  59. 1 Samuel 24:10 “I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the LORD’S anointed.”
  60. 1 Samuel 25:24 “She fell at his feet and said, ‘On me alone, my lord’”
  61. / 74. 1 Samuel 25:25 “Please do not let my lord pay attention to this worthless man, Nabal, for as his name is, so is he. Nabal is his name and folly is with him; but I your maidservant did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent.”
  62. / 76. 1 Samuel 25:26 “Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, since the LORD has restrained you from shedding blood, and from avenging yourself by your own hand, now then let your enemies and those who seek evil against my lord, be as Nabal.”
  63. / 78. 1 Samuel 25:27 “Now let this gift which your maidservant has brought to my lord be given to the young men who accompany my lord.”
  64. / 80. 1 Samuel 25:28 “…for the LORD will certainly make for my lord an enduring house, because my lord is fighting…”
  65. 1 Samuel 25:29 “…then the life of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living”
  66. 1 Samuel 25:30 “And when the LORD does for my lord…”
  67. / 84. /85. 1 Samuel 25:31 “this will not cause grief or a troubled heart to my lord, both by having shed blood without cause and by my lord having avenged himself. When the LORD deals well with my lord, then remember your maidservant.”
  68. 1 Samuel 25:41 “…to wash the feet of my lord’s servants.”
  69. 1 Samuel 26:17 “…and David said, ‘It is my voice, my lord the king.’”
  70. 1 Samuel 26:18 “He also said, ‘Why then is my lord…’”
  71. 1 Samuel 26:19 “Now therefore, please let my lord the king…”
  72. 1 Samuel 29:8 “…the enemies of my lord the king?”
  73. 1 Samuel 30:13 “…and my master left me behind when I fell sick three days ago.”
  74. 1 Samuel 30:15 “…or deliver me into the hands of my master”
  75. 2 Samuel 1:10 “…and I have brought them here to my lord.”
  76. 2 Samuel 3:21 “…and gather all Israel to my lord the king”
  77. 2 Samuel 4:8 “…thus the LORD has given my lord the king”
  78. 2 Samuel 9:11 “According to all that my lord the king…”
  79. / 98. 2 Samuel 11:11 “…and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord…”
  80. 2 Samuel 13:32 “Do not let my lord suppose they have put to death…”
  81. 2 Samuel 13:33 “Now therefore, do not let my lord the king…”
  82. 2 Samuel 14:9 “The woman of Tekoa said to the king, ‘O my lord, the king…’”
  83. 2 Samuel 14:12 “…speak a word to my lord the king”
  84. 2 Samuel 14:15 “…speak this word to my lord the king”
  85. / 105. 2 Samuel 14:17 “Then your maidservant said, ‘Please let the word of my lord the king be comforting, for as the angel of God, so is my lord the king”
  86. 2 Samuel 14:18 “And the woman said, ‘Let my lord the king please speak.’”
  87. / 108. 2 Samuel 14:19 “As your soul lives, my lord the king, no one can turn to the right or to the left from anything that my lord the king has spoken”
  88. 2 Samuel 14:20 “But my lord is wise, like the wisdom of the angel of God, to know all that is in the earth.”
  89. 2 Samuel 14:22 “…I have found favor in your sight, O my lord, the king”
  90. 2 Samuel 15:15 “…whatever my lord the king chooses.”
  91. / 113. 2 Samuel 15:21 “But Ittai answered the king and said, ‘As the LORD lives, and as my lord the king lives, surely wherever my lord the king may be…”
  92. 2 Samuel 16:4 “…let me find favor in your sight, O my lord, the king!”
  93. 2 Samuel 16:9 “Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king?”
  94. 2 Samuel 18:28 “…against my lord the king.”
  95. 2 Samuel 18:31 “the Cushite said, ‘Let my lord the king…’”
  96. 2 Samuel 18:32 “Let the enemies of my lord the king…”
  97. / 120. 2 Samuel 19:19 “So he said to the king, ‘Let not my lord consider me guilty, nor remember what your servant did wrong on the day when my lord the king…’”
  98. 2 Samuel 19:20 “…to meet my lord the king.”
  99. 2 Samuel 19:26 “So he answered, ‘O my lord, the king…’”
  100. / 124. 2 Samuel 19:27 “Moreover, he has slandered your servant to my lord the king; but my lord the king is like the angel of God, therefore do what is good in your sight.”
  101. 2 Samuel 19:28 “…before my lord the king”
  102. 2 Samuel 19:30 “…since my lord the king has come”
  103. 2 Samuel 19:35 “…an added burden to my lord the king?”
  104. 2 Samuel 19:37 “…let him cross over with my lord the king”
  105. / 130. 2 Samuel 24:3 “…while the eyes of my lord the king still see; but why does my lord the king delight in this thing?”
  106. 2 Samuel 24:21 “Then Araunah said, ‘Why has my lord the king come to his servant?’”
  107. 2 Samuel 24:22 “Araunah said to David, ‘Let my lord the king…’”
  108. / 134. 1 Kings 1:2 “So his servants said to him, ‘Let them seek a young virgin for my lord the king, and let her attend the king and become his nurse; and let her lie in your bosom, that my lord the king may keep warm.’”
  109. 1 Kings 1:13 “Have you not, my lord, O king…”
  110. 1 Kings 1:17 “She said to him, ‘My lord…’”
  111. 1 Kings 1:18 “…and now, my lord the king, you do not know it.”
  112. / 139. 1 Kings 1:20 “As for you now, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.”
  113. 1 Kings 1:21 “Otherwise it will come about, as soon as my lord the king…”
  114. 1 Kings 1:24 “Then Nathan said, ‘My lord the king…’”
  115. / 143. 1 Kings 1:27 “Has this thing been done by my lord the king, and you have not shown to your servants who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”
  116. 1 Kings 1:31 “May my lord King David live forever.”
  117. 1 Kings 1:36 “Amen! Thus may the LORD, the God of my lord the king, say.”
  118. / 147. 1 Kings 1:37 “As the LORD has been with my lord the king, so may He be with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David!”
  119. 1 Kings 2:38 “The word is good. As my lord the king…”
  120. 1 Kings 3:17 “The one woman said, ‘Oh, my lord…’”
  121. 1 Kings 3:26 “…and said, ‘Oh, my lord, give her the living child’”
  122. 1 Kings 18:7 “Is this you, Elijah my master?”
  123. 1 Kings 18:10 “…where my master has not sent to search for you”
  124. 1 Kings 18:13 “Has it not been told to my master…”
  125. 1 Kings 20:4 “The king of Israel replied, ‘It is according to your word, my lord, O king”
  126. 1 Kings 20:9 “So he said to the messengers of Ben-hadad, ‘Tell my lord the king…’”
  127. 2 Kings 2:19 “…as my lord sees; but the water is bad”
  128. 2 Kings 4:16 “And she said, ‘No, my lord, O man of God, do not lie to your maidservant.’”
  129. 2 Kings 4:28 “Then she said, ‘Did I ask for a son from my lord?’”
  130. 2 Kings 5:3 “She said to her mistress, ‘I wish that my master…’”
  131. 2 Kings 5:18 “In this matter may the LORD pardon your servant: when my master…”
  132. 2 Kings 5:20 “Behold, my master has spared this Naaman the Aramean”
  133. 2 Kings 5:22 “He said, ‘All is well. My master has sent me’”
  134. 2 Kings 6:5 “Alas, my master! For it was borrowed.”
  135. 2 Kings 6:12 “One of his servants said, ‘No, my lord, O king…’”
  136. 2 Kings 6:15 “Alas, my master! What shall we do?”
  137. 2 Kings 6:26 “…saying, ‘Help, my lord, O king!’”
  138. 2 Kings 8:5 “And Gehazi said, ‘My lord, O king, this is the woman…’”
  139. 2 Kings 8:12 “Hazael said, ‘Why does my lord weep?’”
  140. 2 Kings 10:9 “I conspired against my master and killed him…”
  141. 2 Kings 18:23 “…make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria”
  142. 2 Kings 18:24 “…one official of the least of my master’s servants”
  143. 2 Kings 18:27 “But Rabshakeh said to them, ‘Has my master sent me only to your master…’”
  144. / 174. / 175. 1 Chronicles 21:3 “Joab said, ‘May the LORD add to His people a hundred times as many as they are! But, my lord the king, are they not all my lord’s servants? Why does my lord seek this thing? Why should he be a cause of guilt to Israel?’”
  145. 1 Chronicles 21:23 “Ornan said to David, ‘Take it for yourself; and let my lord the king…’”
  146. 2 Chronicles 2:14 “…my lord David your father.”
  147. 2 Chronicles 2:15 “Now then, let my lord…”
  148. Psalm 110:1 “A Psalm of David. The LORD says to my lord: ‘Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet’” (Note: the NASB incorrectly has “my Lord”)
  149. Isaiah 36:8 “…with my master the king of Assyria”
  150. Isaiah 36:9 “…of my master’s servants”
  151. Isaiah 36:12 “But Rabshakeh said, ‘Has my master sent me only to your master…’”
  152. Jeremiah 37:20 “But now, please listen, O my lord the king…”
  153. Jeremiah 38:9 “My lord the king…”
  154. Daniel 1:10 “and the commander of the officials said to Daniel, ‘I am afraid of my lord the king’”
  155. Daniel 10:16 “And behold, one who resembled a human being…‘O my lord…’”
  156. / 188. Daniel 10:17 “For how can such a servant of my lord talk with such as my lord?”
  157. Daniel 10:19 “May my lord speak, for you have strengthened me.”
  158. Daniel 12:8 “My lord, what will be the outcome of these events?”
  159. Zechariah 1:9 “Then I said, ‘My lord, what are these?’”
  160. Zechariah 4:4 “…to the angel who was speaking with me saying, ‘What are these, my lord?’”
  161. Zechariah 4:5 “So the angel…And I said, ‘No, my lord.’”
  162. Zechariah 4:13 “And I said, ‘No, my lord.’”
  163. Zechariah 6:4 “…and said to the angel who was speaking with me, ‘What are these, my lord?’”

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